Zhostovo painting

Zhostovo painting - Russian folk art of forged metal trays painting, is known since 1825 in the village of Zhostovo, Mytishchi district, Moscow region.

The main motive of the Zhostovo painting is a flower bouquet.

The history of Zhostovo craft dates back to the beginning of the 19 century, when in a number of villages near Moscow - Zhostovo, Ostashkovo, Khlebnikov, Troitsky - there were workshops for making painted lacquered products made of papier-mâché. Tradition of this painting appeared in Zhostovo on the basis of earlier Tagil painting (19 century).

1920-1930s were not easy in the history of Zhostovo. The common affirmation of modernity and realism for Soviet art led to an attempt to change the traditional development without taking into account specifics of local art. Leading artists understood the alienity of such ideas and were able to resist them and led them to deepen the tradition.

In 1960s, a new stage began in the history of Zhostovo, which is still ongoing. Throughout its history, Zhostovo trays from everyday objects became independent decorative panels, and the craft, which once served as an aid to agriculture, acquired the status of a unique type of Russian folk art. Today, decorative painting is on the rise.

In the art of Zhostovo craftsmen, a realistic feeling of a vibrant form of flowers and fruits is combined with decorative generalization, akin to Russian folk brush painting on chests, birch bark tuyeses and spinning wheels.

The main motif of the painting is a floral bouquet of a simple composition, in which large garden and small wild flowers alternate. The painting is usually done on a black background (sometimes on red, blue, green, silver). By use, trays are divided into two groups: for domestic purposes (under samovars, for serving food) and as decoration. In shape trays are round, octagonal, combined, rectangular, oval and others.

Zhostovo painting

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