Money box is a container or special device for storing coins. A traditional Russian money box is a hollow ceramic or wooden figure depicting animals, fruits, vegetables, mushrooms, barrels, with a small slot in which coins are dropped.

Money boxes can be disposable or reusable. The former do not have openings for withdrawing money, and after filling they are broken. Therefore, they are most often made of ceramics. Reusable piggy banks can be made of various materials - glass, wood, metal, plastic - and have a variety of shapes, from a transparent box to a vault model.

In Russia, the accumulation of money was closely related to the need to protect savings from theft. People often used small wooden boxes with a lid, located at an angle to the base. At night, such piggy banks took a place in the head of the owner, which served as an additional guarantee of security. Also, the coins were stored in stockings and clay vessels with wide sides and a narrow neck - “thriftboxes”.

The fashion for disposable ceramic money boxes came to Russia in the 1880s. They were presented to children on holidays - on New Year's or birthday - as a souvenir. At the same time, another goal was often pursued - the desire to instill frugality. After the 1917 revolution, during the New economic policy (1920s),money boxes received state support: people were offered to save a trifle under the slogan “The Soviet ruble saves a penny.” The most common forms of ceramic money boxes then were a mushroom, a barrel, a chest and a book. In the USSR, piggy banks were considered a “relic of the bourgeois past”, and people were ordered to keep money on a savings book.

Today, money boxes are among the souvenir products and are available in various designs. Popular money boxes are made of turned wood with painting or a combination of painting with burning in Polkhovskaya Maidan, Sergiev Posad, Semenov.
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